Linkages between personality and knowledge sharing behavior in workplace: mediating role of affective states

DSpace Repository

Show simple item record Anwar, Ch. Mahmood
dc.contributor.other Ekonomická fakulta cs 2017-06-26 2017-06-26 2017-06-15
dc.identifier.issn 1212-3609
dc.description.abstract The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between broad and select narrow personality traits and knowledge sharing behavior of employees in workplace. This study especially contributes to literature of personality by uncovering the unexplored affective states in the context of knowledge sharing behavior. Sample was drawn by using simple random sampling without replacement technique. To test the hypotheses, correlation, regression and bootstrap mediation procedures were applied to the sample data. Testing a sample of 274 university teachers, significant associations were found between big five traits, proactive personality, creative self-efficacy, and knowledge sharing behavior. Openness to experience, conscientiousness, agreeableness, extraversion, proactive personality and creative self-efficacy were positively related to knowledge sharing behavior, whereas, neuroticism was negatively related to knowledge sharing behavior in workplace. The relationship between extraversion, agreeableness and creative self-efficacy was partially mediated by positive affect and the relationship between neuroticism and knowledge sharing behavior was partially mediated by negative affect. In conclusion, members of organizations, at all levels, should be trained to manage their emotions and affective reactions intelligently to share knowledge effectively and gain maximum benefits from knowledge based assets. In addition, organizational tasks must be assigned to employees with suitable narrow or broad personality traits to maximize the performance level. All the sophisticated, scientific and technical works requiring high level of knowledge sharing should not be assigned to neurotic workers. However, agreeable, extrovert, conscientious and open individuals may handle all knowledge sharing activities effectively. It is also suggested that the works requiring scientific innovation and creativity could better be performed by people high in creative self-efficacy, whereas, knowledge works requiring manual dexterity like technology transfer, industry academia linkages and knowledge based networking can best be done by proactive people. en
dc.format text
dc.format.extent 102-115 stran cs
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher Technical university of Liberec, Czech Republic en
dc.publisher Technická Univerzita v Liberci cs
dc.relation.ispartof Ekonomie a Management cs
dc.relation.ispartof Economics and Management en
dc.relation.isbasedon Abrams, L. C., Cross, R., Lesser, E., & Levin, D. Z. (2003). Nurturing interpersonal trust in knowledge sharing networks. Academy of Management Executives, 17(4), 64-77. doi:10.5465/AME.2003.11851845.
dc.relation.isbasedon Alavi, M., & Leidner, D. E. (2001). Knowledge management and knowledge management systems: Conceptual foundations and research issues. MIS Quarterly, 25(1), 107-136. doi:10.2307/3250961.
dc.relation.isbasedon Ashforth, B. E., & Humprey, R. H. (1995). Emotion in the workplace: A reappraisal. Human Relations, 48(2), 97-125. doi:10.1177/001872679504800201.
dc.relation.isbasedon Awad, E. M., & Ghaziri, H. M. (2004). Knowledge management. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education Inc.
dc.relation.isbasedon Bandura, A., & Cervone, D (1983). Self-evaluative and self-efficacy mechanisms governing the motivational effects of goal systems. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 45(5), 1017-1028.
dc.relation.isbasedon Barrick, M. R., & Mount, M. K. (1991). The big five personality dimensions and job performance: A meta-analysis. Personnel Psychology, 44(1), 1-26. doi:10.1111/j.1744-6570.2003.tb00143.
dc.relation.isbasedon Belschak, F. D., Hartog, D. N., & Fay, D. (2010). Exploring positive, negative and context-dependent aspects of proactive behaviors at work. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 83(2), 267-273. doi:10.1348/096317910X501143.
dc.relation.isbasedon Bordia, P., Irmer, B. E., & Abusah, D. (2006). Differences in sharing knowledge interpersonally and via databases: The role of evaluation apprehension and perceived benefits. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 15(3), 262-280. doi:10.1080/13594320500417784.
dc.relation.isbasedon Cabrera, A., Collins, W. C., & Salgado, J. F. (2006). Determinants of individual engagement in knowledge sharing. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 17(2), 245-264. doi:10.1080/09585190500404614.
dc.relation.isbasedon Chennamaneni, A. (2006). Determinants of knowledge sharing behavior: Developing and testing an integrated theoretical model (Doctoral dissertation). Faculty of Graduate School, University of Texas.
dc.relation.isbasedon Cheng, J. W., & Li, S. C. (2001). The Relationships of Organization Justice, Trust and Knowledge Sharing Behaviors. Journal of Human Resource Management, 1(2), 69-93.
dc.relation.isbasedon Cheng, M. Y. (2002). Socializing knowledge management: The influence of the opinion leader. Journal of Knowledge Management Practice, 3. Available from
dc.relation.isbasedon Costa, P. T., Jr., & McCrae, R. R. (1988). From catalog to classification: Murray's needs and the five-factor model. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 55(2), 258-265. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.55.2.258.
dc.relation.isbasedon Crant, M. J. (1996). The proactive personality scale as a predictor of entrepreneurial intentions. Journal of Small Business Management, 34(3), 42-49.
dc.relation.isbasedon Crant, M. J. (2000). Proactive behavior in organizations. Journal of Management, 26(3), 435-462. doi:10.1177/014920630002600304.
dc.relation.isbasedon De Vries, R. E., Den Hooff, B. V., & De Ridder, J. A. (2006). Explaining knowledge sharing: The role of team communication styles, job satisfaction and performance beliefs. Communication Research, 33(2), 115-135. doi:10.1177/0093650205285366.
dc.relation.isbasedon Ferguson, R. J., Paulin, M., & Bergeron, J. (2010). Customer sociability and the total service experience: antecedents of positive word-of-mouth intentions. Journal of Service Management, 20(1), 25-44. doi:10.1108/09564231011025100.
dc.relation.isbasedon Gist, M. E. (1989). The influence of training method on self-efficacy and idea generation among managers. Personnel Psychology, 42(2), 787-805. doi:10.1111/j.1744-6570.1989.tb00675.x.
dc.relation.isbasedon Gupta, B. (2008). Role of personality in knowledge sharing and knowledge acquisition behavior. Journal of the Indian Academy of Applied Psychology, 34(1), 143-149.
dc.relation.isbasedon Haas, B. W., Omura, K., Constable, R. T., & Canli, T. (2007). Is automatic emotion regulation associated with agreeableness? A perspective using a social neuroscience approach. Psychological Science, 18(2), 130-132. doi:10.1111/j.1467-9280.2007.01861.x.
dc.relation.isbasedon Hendriks, P. H. J. (1999). Why share knowledge? The influence of ICT on the motivation for knowledge sharing. Knowledge and Process Management, 6(2), 91-100. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1099-1441(199906)6:23.0.CO;2-M.
dc.relation.isbasedon Jadin, T., Gnambs, T., & Batinic, B. (2013). Personality traits and knowledge sharing in online communities. Computers in Human Behavior, 29(1), 210-216. doi:10.1016/j.chb.2012.08.007.
dc.relation.isbasedon John, O. P., & Srivastava, S. (1999). The Big-Five trait taxonomy: History, measurement, and theoretical perspectives. In L. A. Pervin & O. P. John (Eds.), Handbook of personality: Theory and research (Vol. 2, pp. 102-138). New York: Guilford Press.
dc.relation.isbasedon Judge, T. A., & Church, A. H. (2000). Job satisfaction: Research and practice. In C. L. Cooper & E. A. Locke (Eds.), Industrial and organizational psychology: Linking theory with practice (pp. 166-198). Oxford, UK: Blackwell.
dc.relation.isbasedon Judge, T. A., & Bono, J. E. (2001). Relationship of Core self-evaluations traits-selfesteem. generalized self-efficacy, locus of control, and emotional stability-with job satisfaction and job perfonnance: A meta-analysis. Journal of Applied Psychology, 86(1), 80-92.
dc.relation.isbasedon Judge, T. A., & Ilies, R. (2004). Affect and job satisfaction: A study of their relationship at work and at home. Journal of Applied Psychology, 89(4), 661-673. doi:10.1037/0021-9010.89.4.661.
dc.relation.isbasedon Kopelman, S., Rosette, A., & Thompson, L. (2006). The three faces of Eve: Strategic displays of positive neutral and negative emotions in negotiations. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 99(1), 81-101. doi:10.1016/j.obhdp.2005.08.003.
dc.relation.isbasedon Kokkonen, M., & Pulkkinen, L. (2001a). Examination of the paths between personality, current mood, its evaluation, and emotion regulation. European Journal of Personality, 15(2), 83-104. doi:10.1002/per.397.
dc.relation.isbasedon Kokkonen, M., & Pulkkinen, L. (2001b). Extraversion and neuroticism as antecedents of emotion regulation and dysregulation in adulthood. European Journal of Personality, 15(6), 407-424. doi:10.1002/per.425.
dc.relation.isbasedon Krejcie, R. V., & Morgan, D. W. (1970). Determining sample size for research activities. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 30(3), 607-610.
dc.relation.isbasedon Lee, J. (2001). The impact of knowledge sharing, organizational capability and partnership quality on IS outsourcing success. Information and Management, 38(5), 323-335. doi:10.1016/S0378-7206(00)00074-4.
dc.relation.isbasedon LePine, J. A., & Dyne, L. V. (2001). Voice and cooperative behavior as contrasting forms of contextual performance: Evidence of differential relationships with big five personality characteristics and cognitive ability. Journal of Applied Psychology, 86(2), 326-336.
dc.relation.isbasedon Levin, D. Z., Kurtzberg, T., Phillips, K. W., & Lount, R. B., Jr. (2010). The role of affect in knowledge transfer. Group Dynamics, 14(2), 123-142. doi:10.1037/a0017317.
dc.relation.isbasedon Logue, C. T., Lounsbury, J. W., Gupta, A., & Leong, F. T. L. (2007) Vocational interest themes and personality traits in relation to college major satisfaction of business students. Journal of Career Development, 33(3), 269-295. doi:10.1177/0894845306297348.
dc.relation.isbasedon Locke, E. A., Frederick, E., Lee, C., & Bobko, P. (1984). The effect of self-efficacy, goals, and task strategies on task performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 69(2), 241-252.
dc.relation.isbasedon Matzler, K., Renzi, B., Muller, J., Herting, S., & Mooradian, T. A. (2008). Personality Traits and Knowledge Sharing. Journal of Economic Psychology, 29(3), 301-313. doi:10.1016/j.joep.2007.06.004.
dc.relation.isbasedon Matzler, K., & Müller, J. (2011). Antecedents of knowledge sharing – Examining the influence of learning and performance orientation. Journal of Economic Psychology, 32(3), 317-329. doi:10.1016/j.joep.2010.12.006.
dc.relation.isbasedon Major, D. A., Turner, J. E., & Fletcher, T. D. (2006). Linking proactive personality and the Big Five to motivation to learn and development activity. Journal of Applied Psychology, 91(4), 927-935. doi:10.1037/0021-9010.91.4.927.
dc.relation.isbasedon McCrae, R. R., & Costa, P. T., Jr. (1987). Validation of the five-factormodel of personality across instruments and observers. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 52(1), 81-90.
dc.relation.isbasedon Mone, M. A., & Baker, D. D. (1992). Cognitive, affective, and behavioral determinants and consequences of self-set goals: An integrative, dynamic model. Human Performance, 5(3), 213-234. doi:10.1207/s15327043hup0503_3.
dc.relation.isbasedon Mount, M. K., Barrick, M. R., & Stewart, G. L. (1998). Five-factor model of personality and performance in jobs involving interpersonal interactions. Human Performance, 11(2-3), 145-165. doi:10.1207/s15327043hup1102&3_3.
dc.relation.isbasedon Nonaka, I., & Takeuchi, H. (1995). The knowledge creating company: How Japanese companies create the dynamics of innovation. New York: Oxford University Press.
dc.relation.isbasedon O'Dell, C., & Grayson, J. C. (1998). If only we knew what we know: The transfer of internal knowledge and best practice. New York: The Free Press.
dc.relation.isbasedon Panaccio, A., & Vandenberghe, C. (2012). Five-factor model of personality and organizational commitment: The mediating role of positive and negative affective states. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 80(3), 647-658. doi:10.1016/j.jvb.2012.03.002.
dc.relation.isbasedon Penney, L. M., David, E., & Witt, L. A. (2011). A review of personality and performance: Identifying boundaries, contingencies, and future research directions. Human Resource Management Review, 21(4), 297-310. doi:10.1016/j.hrmr.2010.10.005.
dc.relation.isbasedon Prahalad, C. K., & Hamel, G. (1990). The core competence of the corporation. Harvard Business Review, 68(3), 79-91.
dc.relation.isbasedon Preacher, K. J., & Hayes, A. F. (2008). Asymptotic and resampling strategies for assessing and comparing indirect effects in multiple mediator models. Behavior Research Methods, 40(3), 879-891. doi:10.3758/BRM.40.3.879.
dc.relation.isbasedon Robbins, S. P., Judge, T. A., & Sanghi, S. (2008). Organiation Behavior. India: Pearson education.
dc.relation.isbasedon Seibert, S. E., Crant, M. J., & Kraimer, M. L. (1999). Proactive personality and career success. Journal of Applied Psychology, 84(3), 416-427.
dc.relation.isbasedon Seibert, S. E., Kraimer, M. L., & Crant, J. M. (2001). What do proactive people do? A longitudinal model linking proactive personality and career success. Personnel Psychology, 54(4), 845-874. doi:10.1111/j.1744-6570.2001.tb00234.x.
dc.relation.isbasedon Senge, P. (1998). Sharing knowledge. Executive Excellence, 15, 11-12.
dc.relation.isbasedon Sternberg, R. J., & Lubart, T. I. (1999). The concept of creativity: Prospects and paradigms. In R. J. Sternberg (Ed.), Handbook of creativity (pp. 3-15). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
dc.relation.isbasedon Szulanski, G. (1996). Exploring internal stickiness: Impediments to the transfer of best practice within the firm. Strategic Management Journal, 17(S2), 27-43. doi:10.1002/smj.4250171105.
dc.relation.isbasedon Teh, P. L., Yong, C. C., Chong, C. W., & Yew, S. Y. (2011). Do the Big Five Personality Factors affect Knowledge Sharing Behavior? A study of Malaysian Universities. Malaysian Journal of Library and Information Science, 16(1), 47-62.
dc.relation.isbasedon Tobin, R. M., Graziano, W. G., Vanman, E. J., & Tassinary, L. G. (2000). Personality, emotional experience, and efforts to control emotions. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 79(4), 656-669. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.79.4.656.
dc.relation.isbasedon Tierney, P., & Farmer, S. M. (2002). Creative self-efficacy: Its potential antecedents and relationship to creative performance. Academy of Management Journal, 45(6), 1137-1148. doi:10.2307/3069429.
dc.relation.isbasedon Thomas, K. M., & Mathieu, J. E. (1994). Role of causal attributions in dynamic self-regulation and goal processes. Journal of Applied Psychology, 79(6), 812-818. doi:10.1037/0021-9010.79.6.812.
dc.relation.isbasedon Wah, L. (1999). Making knowledge stick. Management Review, 88(5), 24-29.
dc.relation.isbasedon Watson, D., Clark, L. A., & Tellegan, A. (1988). Development and validation of brief measures of positive and negative affect: The PANAS scales. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 54(6), 1063-1070. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.54.6.1063.
dc.relation.isbasedon Wang, C., & Yang, Y. (2007). Personality and intention to share knowledge: an empirical study of scientists in an R&D laboratory. Social Behavior and Personality, 35(10), 1427-1436. doi:10.2224/sbp.2007.35.10.1427.
dc.relation.isbasedon Wang, S., Noe, R. A., & Wang, Z. M. (2011). Motivating knowledge sharing in knowledge management systems: A quasi–field experiment. Journal of Management, 40(4), 978-1009. doi:10.1177/0149206311412192.
dc.relation.isbasedon Webb, S. P. (1998). Knowledge management: Linchpin of change. London: The Association for Information Management (ASLIB).
dc.relation.isbasedon Weiss, H. M., & Cropanzano, R. (1996). Affective events theory: A theoretical discussion of the structure, causes and consequences of affective experiences at work. In B. M. Staw, & L. L. Cummings (Eds.), Research in Organization Behavior: An Annual Series of Analytical Essays and Critical Reviews (Vol. 18, pp. 1-74).
dc.relation.isbasedon Witt, L. A., Burker, L. A., Barrick, M. R., & Mount, M. K. (2002). The interactive effects of conscientiousness and agreeableness on job performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 87(1), 164-169. doi:10.1037/0021-9010.87.1.164.
dc.relation.isbasedon Wu, Y. S. (2000). Knowledge Sharing in the Network Community (Master dissertation). Business Administration, National Cheng Chi University.
dc.relation.isbasedon Wang, S., & Noe, R. A. (2010). Knowledge sharing: A review and directions for future research. Human Resource Management Review, 20(2), 115-131. doi:10.1016/j.hrmr.2009.10.001.
dc.rights CC BY-NC
dc.subject broad and narrow personality traits en
dc.subject affective states en
dc.subject knowledge sharing behavior en
dc.subject Affective Events Theory en
dc.subject workplace behaviors en
dc.subject.classification D83
dc.subject.classification M10
dc.title Linkages between personality and knowledge sharing behavior in workplace: mediating role of affective states en
dc.type Article en
dc.publisher.abbreviation TUL
dc.relation.isrefereed true
dc.identifier.doi 10.15240/tul/001/2017-2-008
dc.identifier.eissn 2336-5604
local.relation.volume 20
local.relation.issue 2
local.relation.abbreviation E+M cs
local.relation.abbreviation E&M en
local.faculty Faculty of Economics
local.citation.spage 102
local.citation.epage 115
local.access open
local.fulltext yes

Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Search DSpace

Advanced Search


My Account