The Destiny of Globalisation and the Fate of Climate Protection

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Technická Univerzita v Liberci
Technical university of Liberec, Czech Republic
The study addresses the question of the future of the circular economy after the economic shocks brought about by the COVID-19 disease pandemic and the energy crisis linked to the war in Ukraine and other phenomena. It is based on the hypothesis that global climate agreements are closely linked to deepening globalisation. The latter is identified here as the most significant economic trend of the late twentieth and first two decades of the twenty-first century. The working hypothesis is that if pandemics and energy crises mark the end of further globalisation or even begin a process of deglobalisation, this could very well threaten the future of climate agreements and the withdrawal of many countries from their commitments. At the same time, the climate agreements are one of the cornerstones of the promotion of the circular economy in developed countries, since it is the commitments made under these agreements (currently, the Paris Agreements in particular) that underpin legislative action to promote the circular economy. At the same time, globalisation is defined as a primarily economic process, the essence of which is to maximise the exploitation of comparative and absolute advantages, in other words, to maximise the efficiency of cooperative links. This means that if the hypothesis formulated is fulfilled, the deglobalisation process must necessarily imply a reduction in the overall efficiency achieved globally. At the same time, the study formulates the hypothesis that the reduction in global pressure to implement the circular economy will be largely substituted by national and regional pressures. However, these will not be motivated by efforts to prevent climate change, but by the need to reduce dependence on global logistics and on the supply of raw materials and components or intermediate goods from countries with unstable access to their own geopolitical objectives for strategic reasons.
climate change, COVID-19, energy crisis, globalisation, pandemics