LEF 2023

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    The Destiny of Globalisation and the Fate of Climate Protection
    (Technická Univerzita v Liberci, ) Kislingerová, Eva; Ekonomická fakulta
    The study addresses the question of the future of the circular economy after the economic shocks brought about by the COVID-19 disease pandemic and the energy crisis linked to the war in Ukraine and other phenomena. It is based on the hypothesis that global climate agreements are closely linked to deepening globalisation. The latter is identified here as the most significant economic trend of the late twentieth and first two decades of the twenty-first century. The working hypothesis is that if pandemics and energy crises mark the end of further globalisation or even begin a process of deglobalisation, this could very well threaten the future of climate agreements and the withdrawal of many countries from their commitments. At the same time, the climate agreements are one of the cornerstones of the promotion of the circular economy in developed countries, since it is the commitments made under these agreements (currently, the Paris Agreements in particular) that underpin legislative action to promote the circular economy. At the same time, globalisation is defined as a primarily economic process, the essence of which is to maximise the exploitation of comparative and absolute advantages, in other words, to maximise the efficiency of cooperative links. This means that if the hypothesis formulated is fulfilled, the deglobalisation process must necessarily imply a reduction in the overall efficiency achieved globally. At the same time, the study formulates the hypothesis that the reduction in global pressure to implement the circular economy will be largely substituted by national and regional pressures. However, these will not be motivated by efforts to prevent climate change, but by the need to reduce dependence on global logistics and on the supply of raw materials and components or intermediate goods from countries with unstable access to their own geopolitical objectives for strategic reasons.
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    Fostering Employee Sustainability: Competencies Formation for a Resilient Business Environment
    (Technická Univerzita v Liberci, ) Ostin, Vasilii; Maršíková, Kateřina; Ekonomická fakulta
    One of the foremost challenges companies face is a cultivation of a sustainable mindset among the organization itself and its employees. This research paper aims to address this challenge by proposing a sustainability competency model that organizations can implement to bridge the existing sustainability gap in the development of their employees. The paper explores the concept of sustainable competencies within the business environment. By conducting a comprehensive literature review and synthesizing findings from multiple surveys, this study seeks to identify the critical competencies prevalent in diverse industries. The primary objective is to gain insights into the competencies that can be fostered through organizational training and development programs. The research draws on three primary surveys: the "Future of Jobs Report" by the World Economic Forum, the "Global Green Skills Report" by LinkedIn, and the "Global Workforce Hopes and Fears Survey" by PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC). The proposed sustainability competency model offers a systematic approach to integrate sustainability principles and practices. The research findings and competency model will be further used for subsequent primary research. The model will be tested through semi-structured interviews within automotive companies to assess its effectiveness in fostering sustainability competencies among employees. These insights will contribute to validating and refining the model for driving sustainable practices in the industry. By incorporating these competencies into employee development plans, organizations can effectively evaluate the acquisition and application of sustainability skills. This research contributes to the knowledge on sustainable competencies and their significance in driving organizational success in a rapidly changing world.
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    Development of the Office Space Prices on the Czech Market
    (Technická Univerzita v Liberci, ) Matoušková, Michaela; Ekonomická fakulta
    The price developments in the commercial real estate market can affect the financial stability of countries, particularly through the level of lending by companies operating in this area. In the literature, research can be found dealing mainly with residential real estate, while commercial real estate stands rather in the background. The aim of this paper is to analyse the price development of the office space (CRECVI index) in the Czech market between years 2005 to 2022. As part of the cointegration analysis, an ADL model is constructed to describe how commercial real estate prices respond to changes in selected macroeconomic indicators. The results of the analysis show that office space prices are mainly influenced by the evolution of gross domestic product, unemployment and the level of inflation and interest rates.
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    Non Provision of Training and Sustainability: Small-Sized Companies in the EU Context
    (Technická Univerzita v Liberci, ) Trávníčková, Hana; Maršíková, Kateřina; Ekonomická fakulta
    Investing in human capital is one of the critical decisions of a company. The company's competitiveness and organisational, social and environmental sustainability is influenced by corporate training. This paper explores the relationship between sustainability and the non-provision of employee training in enterprises. The introduced topic is based on a systematic literature review and a secondary data analysis of Continuing Vocational Training Survey (CVTS), which provides comparable data from 29 European countries in reference years 2005, 2010, 2015 and 2020 with a net sample of 113,000 enterprises. The paper focuses on small enterprises with 10 to 49 employees, representing over 20 million people in more than 1.3 million European business units. Recently aggregated data illustrate the European companies' attitude to corporate training and its barriers. Once the main obstacles to employee training are identified and removed, an organisation can increase the training and development of its employees. The more training and development activities is provided, the more it impacts its competitiveness and the company's sustainability. This paper examines the EUs small enterprises, emphasising specific situations in the last decade in the Czech Republic. It brings a new attitude to the connection between corporate training in small companies in the EU and sustainability.
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    Generation Z as Employees in Public Pharmacies in Germany – Difficulties for the Health Care System in the Area of Pharmaceutical Supply due to the Absence of Skilled Workers
    (Technická Univerzita v Liberci, ) Koczian, Bernhard; Gubíniová, Katarína; Wick, Alexander; Ekonomická fakulta
    Generation Z is the workforce generation for the next 20 years and poses a problem for some industries. One of these is the pharmaceutical sector of pharmacies, which performs the important task of providing medicines and related advice. The shortage of skilled workers in pharmacies is not a new problem and was already recognised in the 1990s, but due to the generative characteristics of the members of Generation Z, it poses a new challenge. Pharmacies need the next generation and must also adapt to demands of Generation Z, which, however, does not seem ready for this in many areas due to the structure and processes of pharmacy services. Pharmacies have undergone some changes in their areas of service delivery and some have already gone relatively far digital and are planning with part-time models. Nevertheless, there is still a shortage, which shows that pharmacy is not a preferred career field of the generation. For the personnel management of pharmacies, it is necessary to find the parameters that appeal to the representatives of the generation and adapt them to the personnel search. In this paper, the Big Five personality traits and the behavioural economics of Generation Z will be compared with the requirements of the pharmacy profession in order to determine some parameters.