Číslo 2/2020

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    Hudba jako inspirace Komenského konceptu harmonické společnosti
    (Národní pedagogické muzeum a knihovna J. A. Komenského, ) Přívratský, Vladimír; Přívratská, Jana; Technická univerzita v Liberci
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    Ideje Komenského a výtvarná výchova
    (Národní pedagogické muzeum a knihovna J. A. Komenského, ) Šobáňová, Petra; Technická univerzita v Liberci
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    Gerta Figulusová – „dcera českého národa“ z rodu Komenského: životní příběh pohledem komeniologie
    (Národní pedagogické muzeum a knihovna J. A. Komenského, ) Pánková, Markéta; Technická univerzita v Liberci
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    Škola a sociální pomoc ve druhé polovině 19. století
    (Národní pedagogické muzeum a knihovna J. A. Komenského, ) Halířová, Martina; Technická univerzita v Liberci
    The paper deals with the forms of social assistance provided to poor children and youth in schools. The specific examples are illustrated by the example of Pardubice town. The article mainly deals with the second half of the 19th century, when under the influence of social changes the charitable activities aimed at children and young people were developed. The article mentions also the end of the 18th century, when education and social care reforms took place, and influenced the development of social assistance in the following century. Two types of institutions were established at schools; on one hand, associations providing financial or material support, on the other, groups providing out-of-school activities for children and youth. These organizations had the same goal – the discipline of the poor in society.
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    Ideové východiská pedagogického myslenia na Slovensku v 40. rokoch 20. storočia a ich vyústenie do socialistickej pedagogiky
    (Národní pedagogické muzeum a knihovna J. A. Komenského, ) Kudláčová, Blanka; Technická univerzita v Liberci
    The paper is a historical-educational study that aims to survey changes in conceptual foundations of educational thought in the 1940s and their form at the beginning of Communism. It was a complicated period with several overlapping ideological levels: the ideas of the interwar democratic Czechoslovakia “retired”, the national socialist ideology of the Slovak state was established in the situation of the war, and the Marxist-Leninist ideology, which was fully implemented after the Communist coup in 1948, was being gradually shaped. The change of direction in the educational thought and in its foundations is demonstrated mainly through two leading figures of pedagogy of the given period: Juraj Čečetka (1907–1983), the first Slovak professor of pedagogy and Ondrej Pavlík (1916–1996), the creator of the socialist pedagogy and education. The first part of the paper focuses on a broader socio-political context that suggested changes in ideological orientation of educational thought in the 1940s, the second part of the paper discusses educational thought in the 1950s when only the socialist variant can be considered. The study is based on source literature of both mentioned representatives of the period and on existing research of their work (Krankus, Kudláčová, Faktorová, Valkovičová, Wiesenganger) and life (Mihálechová, Michalička, Londáková).