Poly-epsilon-caprolactone Nanofibrous Polymers: A Simple Alternative to Restricted Access Media for Extraction of Small Molecules from Biological Matrixes
AMER CHEMICAL SOC, 1155 16TH ST, NW, WASHINGTON, DC 20036 USA
Poly-epsilon-caprolactone nanofibrous polymer has been used as an alternative to restricted access media for extraction of protein-containing biological samples and direct transfer in the chromatographic system. Three commercial cartridges differing in length and internal diameter have been manually packed with the composite material prepared from poly-epsilon-caprolactone nanofibers coated on poly-epsilon-caprolactone microfibrous scaffold and connected to the column-switching chromatographic system. Bovine milk and human serum (25 mu L) spiked with a mixture of methyl-, ethyl-, propyl-, and butylparaben in a concentration range of 1-100 mu g mL(-1) were online extracted using the cartridge-containing fibers. Then, 5 and 20% (v/v) aqueous methanol was applied as the washing mobile phase. While the ballast protein macromolecules were quantitatively eluted from the nano/microfibrous composite sorbent, the parabens were retained. After the mobile phase was switched to a stronger one, these compounds were then eluted from the extraction sorbent, directed in the analytical column, and finally separated. An extraction efficiency of 86-101% for all parabens achieved using the optimum-sized cartridge and a repeatability of the extraction procedure of 0.06-1.95% RSD were obtained.
PERFORMANCE LIQUID-CHROMATOGRAPHY, SOLID-PHASE EXTRACTION, SAMPLE PREPARATION, EFFICIENCY, COLUMN