Non Provision of Training and Sustainability: Small-Sized Companies in the EU Context

dc.contributor.authorTrávníčková, Hana
dc.contributor.authorMaršíková, Kateřina
dc.contributor.otherEkonomická fakultacs
dc.description.abstractInvesting in human capital is one of the critical decisions of a company. The company's competitiveness and organisational, social and environmental sustainability is influenced by corporate training. This paper explores the relationship between sustainability and the non-provision of employee training in enterprises. The introduced topic is based on a systematic literature review and a secondary data analysis of Continuing Vocational Training Survey (CVTS), which provides comparable data from 29 European countries in reference years 2005, 2010, 2015 and 2020 with a net sample of 113,000 enterprises. The paper focuses on small enterprises with 10 to 49 employees, representing over 20 million people in more than 1.3 million European business units. Recently aggregated data illustrate the European companies' attitude to corporate training and its barriers. Once the main obstacles to employee training are identified and removed, an organisation can increase the training and development of its employees. The more training and development activities is provided, the more it impacts its competitiveness and the company's sustainability. This paper examines the EUs small enterprises, emphasising specific situations in the last decade in the Czech Republic. It brings a new attitude to the connection between corporate training in small companies in the EU and sustainability.en
dc.publisherTechnická Univerzita v Libercics
dc.publisherTechnical university of Liberec, Czech Republicen
dc.relation.isbasedonALIPOUR, Mehrdad; Mahdi SALEHI and Ali SHAHNAVAZ, 2009. A Study of on the Job Training Effectiveness: Empirical Evidence of Iran. [online]. International Journal of Business and Management, vol. 4, no. 11, p. p63. Available at:
dc.relation.isbasedonALVAREZ-GUTIERREZ, FJ; DL STONE; AM CASTANO and AL GARCIA-IZQUIERDO, 2022. Human Resources Analytics: A systematic Review from a Sustainable Management Approach. [online]. Journal of work and organizational psychology-revista de psicologia del trabajo y de las organizaciones, vol. 38, no. 3, p. 129–147. Available at:
dc.relation.isbasedonAMBASZ, Diego; Anshuman GUPTA and Harry Anthony PATRINOS, 2023. A Review of Human Development and Environmental Outcomes. [online]. 2023-05-11. Available at:
dc.relation.isbasedonASSI, Mohamad Kenan and Valliappan RAJU, 2020. Evaluating Training Effectiveness: Critical Studies in the Last Eight Decades. [online]. World Journal of Research and Review, vol. 11, no. 1. Available at:
dc.relation.isbasedonBAFANELI, Salini and Gosekwang SETIBI, 2015. The Impact of on-the-Job Training on Employee Performance: The Case of Riley’s Hotel. [online]. Journal of Business Theory and Practice, vol. 3, no. 2, p. 239. Available at:
dc.relation.isbasedonBARNEY Jay, 1991. Firm resources and sustained competitive advantage. Journal of management, vol. 17, no. 1, p. 99–120. Available at:
dc.relation.isbasedonBATTISTI, Martina and David DEAKINS, 2017. The relationship between dynamic capabilities, the firm's resource base and performance in a post-disaster environment. International Small Business Journal, vol. 3, no. 1, p. 78–98. Available at:
dc.relation.isbasedonBECKER, Gary S., 1993. Human capital: a theoretical and empirical analysis, with special reference to education. 3rd ed. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press. ISBN 978-0-226-04119-3. Available at:
dc.relation.isbasedonBERGMAN, Manfred Max; Zinette BERGMAN and Lena BERGER, 2017. An Empirical Exploration, Typology, and Definition of Corporate Sustainability. [online]. Sustainability, vol. 9, no. 5, p. 753. Available at:
dc.relation.isbasedonBILAN Yuriy; Hafezali Iqbal HUSSAIN; Muhammad HASEEB and Sebastian KOT, 2020. Sustainability and Economic Performance: Role of Organizational Learning and Innovation Inzinerine Ekonomika-Engineering Economics, 2020, vol. 31, no 1, p. 93–103. Available at:
dc.relation.isbasedonBRANDI, Ulrik; Kaija COLLIN and Soila LEMMETTY, 2022. Sustainability Perspectives in Organizational and Workplace Learning Studies. [online]. Sustainability, vol. 14, no. 20, p. 13101. Available at:
dc.relation.isbasedonCTVS, 2023. Continuing vocational training in enterprises, Reference Metadata in Euro SDMX Metadata Structure (ESMS). [online]. In: Continuing vocational training in enterprises. Available at: 66081830107. [accessed 2022-11-14].
dc.relation.isbasedonEUROSTAT, 2023a. SME employment EU 2022, by size. [online]. In: Statista. Available at: [accessed 2023-02-13].
dc.relation.isbasedonEUROSTAT, 2023b. SMEs in the EU 2022, by size. [online]. In: Statista. Available at: [accessed 2023-02-13].
dc.relation.isbasedonHERMELINGMEIER, Verena and Timo VON WIRTH, 2021. The nexus of business sustainability and organizational learning: A systematic literature review to identify key learning principles for business transformation. [online]. Business Strategy and the Environment, vol. 30, no. 4, p. 1839–1851. Available at:
dc.relation.isbasedonLEE, Kye Woo, 2016. Skills Training by Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises: Innovative Cases and the Consortium Approach in the Republic of Korea. [online]. SSRN Electronic Journal. 2016. Available at:
dc.relation.isbasedonMARŠÍKOVÁ, K.; T. RAJANDER; A.-M. CLAUSS; E. FORKEL; I. MEDŽIŪNIENĖ et al., 2019. People management challenges for SMEs in five European regions: Spotlighting the (in)visible and the (in)formal and embedding SME HR issues firmly in the business and knowledge environment. [online]. University of Huddersfield. ISBN 978-80-7494-503-8. Available at:
dc.relation.isbasedonMURPHY Kevin, 2017. The social pillar of sustainable development: a literature review and framework for policy analysis, Sustainability: Science, Practice and Policy, vol. 8, p. 15-29. Available at:
dc.relation.isbasedonOECD, 2021. Executive summary in Training in Enterprises: New Evidence from 100 Case Studiesonline. OECD Publishing, Paris. Available at: [accessed 2022-12-15].
dc.relation.isbasedonUNITED NATIONS, 2023. About the Sustainable Development Goals. Website. Available at: sustainable-development-goals/.
dc.relation.isbasedonYUSOFF, Yusmazida Mohd; Muhamad Khalil OMAR and Maliza Delima Kamarul ZAMAN, 2019. Does organizational learning capability allow improving business sustainability? A quantitative analysis in the manufacturing SME context. [online]. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, vol. 469, no. 1, p. 012015. Available at:
dc.relation.ispartofLiberecké ekonomické fórum 2023cs
dc.relation.ispartofLiberec Economic Forum 2023en
dc.subjectSmall-sized enterprisesen
dc.subjecttraining barriersen
dc.subjectvocational trainingen
dc.titleNon Provision of Training and Sustainability: Small-Sized Companies in the EU Contexten
dc.typeproceeding paperen
local.facultyFaculty of Economics
Original bundle
Now showing 1 - 1 of 1
Thumbnail Image
523.71 KB
Adobe Portable Document Format
conference paper