Celebrating May 1: Visual Propaganda from Different Perspectives in Communist Hungary

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dc.contributor.author Somogyvári, Lajos
dc.date.accessioned 2022-08-01T09:41:34Z
dc.date.available 2022-08-01T09:41:34Z
dc.identifier.issn 2336-680X
dc.identifier.uri https://dspace.tul.cz/handle/15240/165986
dc.description.abstract Celebration has been a key idea in the disciplinary fields of Mentalitätsgeschichte and anthropology: my paper aims to introduce this in the specific context of May Day parades and marches in Hungary in the 1950s and 1960s, focusing on the educational nature of the communist system. For decades, verbal and visual propaganda tried to indoctrinate students and their parents and teachers by transforming perceptions of everyday reality through cultural practices and quasi-religious rites. From the perspective of theories about political religion, statues and symbols intended for the unification of leaders and masses in ceremonial- festive surroundings were meaningful elements with both continuous and changing characteristics. I would like to analyse this kind of message associated with May 1 through photographs of official processions in Budapest, choosing a concrete place as a starting point and adding verbal sources and different dimensions to the interpretation. First, party documents, minutes, and preparations establish the basic level of my approach, showing the original (and contemporary hidden) intentions of the ruling power to organize and execute International Workers’ Day. Next, propaganda and photographs of children and students demonstrate how the main celebration of the communist era was staged in order to legitimize its acceptance and popularity. The discussion concludes with a counter-narrative compiled from reports of the US legation and archives of Radio Free Europe, presenting an anti-communist view and a construction of Western propaganda. cs
dc.format text
dc.format.extent 20 stran
dc.language.iso cs cs
dc.publisher Národní pedagogické muzeum a knihovna J. A. Komenského
dc.publisher Technická univerzita v Liberci, Fakulta přírodovědně-humanitní a pedagogická
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dc.subject propaganda cs
dc.subject visual studies cs
dc.subject political indoctrination cs
dc.subject celebration of May Day cs
dc.title Celebrating May 1: Visual Propaganda from Different Perspectives in Communist Hungary en
dc.type Article en
dc.publisher.abbreviation TUL
dc.identifier.doi 10.15240/tul/006/2022-1-003
local.relation.volume 8
local.relation.issue 1
local.relation.abbreviation HS
dc.identifier.scopus Scopus Author ID: 57198499868 (Somogyvári, Lajos)
local.faculty Fakulta přírodovědně-humanitní a pedagogická en
local.citation.spage 59
local.citation.epage 78
local.access open access
local.fulltext yes en
local.note Časopis Historia scholastica je zařazen do mezinárodních vědeckých databází Ulrich’s Periodicals Directory, EBSCO and ERIH Plus.
dc.contributor.organization Technická univerzita v Liberci
dc.identifier.orcid 0000-0002-3352-7197 (Somogyvári, Lajos)
dc.identifier.WebofScienceResearcherID ResearcherID: H-4375-2017 (Somogyvári, Lajos)


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