Číslo 1/2022

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Now showing 1 - 5 of 8
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    Vom Überschreiten der „Schattenlinie“. Zur Aktions- und Handlungsforschung der 1970er Jahre im Spannungsfeld von Theorie und Praxis
    (Národní pedagogické muzeum a knihovna J. A. Komenského, ) Haupt, Selma; Zenke, Christian Timo; Technická univerzita v Liberci
    Starting from the discussion on the theory- practice relation in educational science, this article focuses on the tradition of action research, particularly in the course of the 1970s. Using the example of Laborschule Bielefeld, a state-run experimental school, it examines the challenges that arise in the attempt to fundamentally question the boundaries between theory and practice in the mode of action research. Not only does it become apparent that the tension between theory and practice cannot be completely resolved – even if an attempt is made to resolve it constructively in a group of “teacher researchers” who act as autonomously as possible – but the fundamental difficulties of participatory research in the field of pedagogy are revealed.
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    Using of Digital Storytelling in the Teaching of History
    (Národní pedagogické muzeum a knihovna J. A. Komenského, ) Lanszki, Anita; Technická univerzita v Liberci
    The paper presents the results of an empirical study in which students (N=41) made digital stories in history classes in two different age groups. The aims of using digital storytelling in history classes were, on the one hand, to find and use relevant written and visual sources, and on the other hand, to create a personal connection to a historical person or event. The purposes of the research were (1) to clarify the conditions of applying digital storytelling in history classrooms in lower and upper secondary school levels and (2) to measure the impact of it on students’ learning competencies. The teachers wrote case studies, and students wrote learning diaries about their educational experiences. Students’ reading, writing, and listening skills were measured with pre- and post-tests. Throughout the project, the active involvement of students, their own learning activities, and creativity with digital tools were observed. We have found that the method creates a link between generations. Meanwhile, core competencies such as reading and writing were developed. The didactic limitations of using digital storytelling could be traced back to the lack of time, digital equipment and rooms.
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    Celebrating May 1: Visual Propaganda from Different Perspectives in Communist Hungary
    (Národní pedagogické muzeum a knihovna J. A. Komenského, ) Somogyvári, Lajos; Technická univerzita v Liberci
    Celebration has been a key idea in the disciplinary fields of Mentalitätsgeschichte and anthropology: my paper aims to introduce this in the specific context of May Day parades and marches in Hungary in the 1950s and 1960s, focusing on the educational nature of the communist system. For decades, verbal and visual propaganda tried to indoctrinate students and their parents and teachers by transforming perceptions of everyday reality through cultural practices and quasi-religious rites. From the perspective of theories about political religion, statues and symbols intended for the unification of leaders and masses in ceremonial- festive surroundings were meaningful elements with both continuous and changing characteristics. I would like to analyse this kind of message associated with May 1 through photographs of official processions in Budapest, choosing a concrete place as a starting point and adding verbal sources and different dimensions to the interpretation. First, party documents, minutes, and preparations establish the basic level of my approach, showing the original (and contemporary hidden) intentions of the ruling power to organize and execute International Workers’ Day. Next, propaganda and photographs of children and students demonstrate how the main celebration of the communist era was staged in order to legitimize its acceptance and popularity. The discussion concludes with a counter-narrative compiled from reports of the US legation and archives of Radio Free Europe, presenting an anti-communist view and a construction of Western propaganda.
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    Die ‚Entdeckung‘ der Jugend durch die Pädagogik Friedrich Wilhelm Foersters im Spannungsfeld von natürlicher Kraft und christlicher Idealität
    (Národní pedagogické muzeum a knihovna J. A. Komenského, ) Maier, Alexander; Technická univerzita v Liberci
    This paper is picking up the assumption, that youth was ‘discovered’ at the beginning of the 20th century as an own life stage as well as a kind of aesthetic energy that inspired people of every age and class to cultivate an idealistic sentiment and attitude. In this context, the essay is posing the question in which way Friedrich Wilhelm Foerster (1869–1966) and his pedagogical thinking have contributed to this discovery. Thereby, the paper can also be understood as an input – among others – to close the research gap on Foersters educational theory. There are two main focuses: The first one lies on his comprehension on education as ‘self-education’ of the youth, which is allowed by their natural force. Because nature is disordered, ‘self-education’ needs – this is the second aspect – an idealistic orientation: the Christian faith. On the way to clarify his concept of ‘self-education’, that was inspired by the United States ‘progressive education’, and to curve out the role of the Christian tradition, the essay compares Foerster with John Dewey (1859–1952). At last, this exploration leads not only to the result, that the heritage of Christianity was meaningful for both but also, that this Christian influence gave their concepts of ‘new education’ – in contrast to others – some precise criteria, so that they were able to deal with ‘normal’ young people (instead of the ‘holy child’) and to resist fascism or socialism. But this doesn’t mean, that Foersters educational concept was exempt of ambivalence in a pedagogical perspective.
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    Die „Arbeitsgemeinschaft“ im Erziehungsvollzug der Landesstrafanstalt Untermaßfeld/Thüringen um 1930
    (Národní pedagogické muzeum a knihovna J. A. Komenského, ) Oelbauer, Daniel; Technická univerzita v Liberci
    At the beginning of the 1920s there were groundbreaking developments in Thuringia‘s penal system and adult education. The execution of retribution gave way to an education which pursued the goal of treating each prisoner individually. Educational measures were given special priority. In particular, the offer included adult education formats in the understanding of the „Neue Richtung“ of Weimar adult education. The participants should be enabled to plan and shape their need for education independently. „Arbeitsgemeinschaft“ (working group) was used as method. Against the background of different framework conditions in the penal system and „free“ adult education, the question of the challenges that had to be overcome for the (successful) implementation of working groups is investigated using the example of the Thuringian state penal institution Untermaßfeld.