Effect of preheat setting process on heat, mass and air transfer in plain socks

Socks are prevented against wrinkle formation by preheat setting in greige form prior to wet processing. The current study is proposed to analyze the effect of socks presetting process on thermopysiological and wicking properties of comfort. In this analysis, main yarn linear density, plaiting yarn composition and number of needles are taken as variable on same machine setting. Sock samples were analyzed for comfort parameters (thermal conductivity, thermal resistivity, thermal absorptivity, thermal diffusivity, relative water vapor permeability (RWVP (%)), evaporation resistance (Ret), air permeability, vertical wicking, absorbency and color strength (K/S) value) after various processes (preheat setting, dyeing and postheat setting). The statistical analysis showed that preheat set process significantly affects vertical wicking, K/S value, absorbency, thermal conductivity, thermal resistivity and thermal diffusivity, respectively. While thermal absorptivity, air permeability, porosity, RWVP (%) and R-et couldn't show a significant impact.
Preheat setting, wicking, absorbency, thermal properties, air permeability, porosity, color strength (K/S)