Číslo 2/2019

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    Historia scholastica No. 2/2019
    (Fakulta přírodovědně-humanitní a pedagogická, Technická univerzita v Liberci, 2019-12) Fakulta přírodovědně-humanitní a pedagogická, Technická univerzita v Liberci; Národní pedagogické muzeum a knihovna J. A. Komenského
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    Sexuální výchova ve školách meziválečného Československa
    (Národní pedagogické muzeum a knihovna J. A. Komenského, ) Šustová, Magdaléna
    The problematics of sex education got into the focus of pedagogues in the end of the 19th century and a new insight was brought up by the interwar period. The social and moral disintergration, caused by World War I, came up with a necessity of an enlightenment in sex education due to prostitution and increase of veneral diseases – the enlightenment regarding the sex education was emphasized in order to prevent sexually transmitted diseases. The position of the school authority was in this case difficult, because part of the society thought that the sex education was only a private family topic or that it was not necessary at all. Therefore, the school usually warned against veneral diseases by lectures, intervened against pornographic materials etc., and to some topics (contraception, abortion) it did not pay attention at all.
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    Reklamní tiskoviny pro školáky v letech 1918–1938. Pohled do archivních fondů Muzea Komenského v Přerově
    (Národní pedagogické muzeum a knihovna J. A. Komenského, ) Kovářová, Helena
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    Československá liga proti antisemitismu
    (Národní pedagogické muzeum a knihovna J. A. Komenského, ) Seiner, Jakub
    This article is focused on the association of Czechoslovak League against Anti-Semitism. The first part of the atricle briefly mentions historical context of Czechoslovakia in period between the world wars and anti-semitic ideas existing in the first Czechoslovak Republic and relationship between Jewish society and social majority. The second part is focused mainly on activities of the association, how it tried to fight Anti-Semitism. The study is following up concreate steps of the association, like lectures, articles in journals, and the article analyzes which steps were the most effective. In the next part of the article is described how the Christian ideas and representatives influenced Czechoslovak League against Anti-Semitism. The paper also characterizes relations and positions between Jewish association in the Czechoslovakia and Czechoslovak League against Anti-Semitism.
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    „Bude nutno výchově dáti směry nové.“ Výchova a vzdělávání v programech politických stran meziválečného Československa
    (Národní pedagogické muzeum a knihovna J. A. Komenského, 2019-12) Korábková, Kateřina
    “The new directions of education will be necessary.ˮ Education in the programs of political parties of Czechoslovakia between the World Wars This paper focuses on educational goals that were emphasised in the political programs of five the largest political parties of the First Czechoslovak Republic. The article is based on official documents of political parties such as programs approved by party congresses and election programs or statements of prominent party representatives. The character of all those documents was influenced by the goal to form statements and inform party members or persuade possible voters. It means those documents are subjective and their content was not necessarily a political commitment. Therefore it cannot be assumed that all the postulates in the programs had a real influence on the education. On the contrary the documents depict the development of the considerations about education as a part of cultural policy. Political parties of the First Czechoslovak Republic were considering education in very similar way and in continuity with development before 1918. They were concerning about same issues especially in the social context but with different emphasises. This contribution aims to describe the party-specific concepts of education in relation to the ideological peculiarities of the individual parties and their cultural and political context.