Comparison of two different principles of 3D fabric surface reconstruction

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This paper compares the efficiency of two different methods for a 3D fabric surface reconstruction with defects. The efficiency of the methods is evaluated according to the accuracy of 3D reconstruction, especially the detection of fabric defects and their respective characteristics. In this case, the defects of mean fabric pills. Pills are small balls of entangled fibers on top of a fabric surface, and they occur on every type of fabric. Using existing methods for objective pilling evaluation, many researchers have tried to find an effective procedure for the detection of pills in a fabric image. It is very important to obtain an accurate method for 3D surface reconstruction and the subsequent detection of pills. In the present study, the methods tested differ in the principle of creation of the 3D surface. The first method (method A) is called the gradient filed method, the principle of which is based on the use of the shadows of pills for 3D reconstruction. The second method (method B) uses non-contact laser profilometry for 3D surface reconstruction. A Talysurf CLI 500 instrument was used to trace the surface fabrics and to reconstruct the profile of the fabric surface. The results showed that method A should be more reliable for this purpose. © 2016, Institute of Biopolymers and Chemical Fibres. All rights reserved.
3D surface reconstruction; Fabric surface; Objective evaluation; Pilling