Model verification of material properties of wound composite rods in tensile loading
SAGE PUBLICATIONS INC, 2455 TELLER RD, THOUSAND OAKS, CA 91320 USA
The aim of this work is to find a suitable reinforcement in terms of mutual compatibility, surface microstructure, and mechanical properties of the resulting carbon composite parts. Two types of samples in layout + 45 degrees / 0 degrees / +/- 45 degrees / 0 degrees / -45 degrees and + 45 degrees / 0 degrees / -45 degrees with a total thickness of 1.8 mm, wound on a rounded polyurethane core from several carbon rovings, were experimentally tested in the area of low elastic deformation up to 1 mm. In order to obtain basic engineering constants the tensile tests of whole parts failure have been carried out. Subsequently, several material and numerical models were developed in order to describe the problem of composite tensile loading. The model was solved by two approaches, specifically a layered shell and a layered solid. Considerable differences have been found in the properties of the real (experimental) and theoretical model based on the declared properties of the individual components. Probably due to the manufacturing imperfections and the porosity in the resulting material, the values of the basic engineering constants of the laminate of the resulting laminate reach lower values. This had to be solved by adjusting the material model of the used dispersion and matrix. The real arising failures were described by using the failure criteria for several time steps of the model solution and compared to the real experiment with quite good agreement.
Fiber composite, tensile modulus, carbon, roving, winding