INFLUENCE OF TENSILE STRESS ON WOVEN COMPRESSION BANDAGE STRUCTURE AND POROSITY
AUTEX, TECHNICAL UNIV LODZ, FAC MATERIALS TECHNOLOGY & TEXTILE, UL ZEROMSKIEGO 116, LODZ, 90-924, POLAND
Woven compression bandage (CB) is one of the elastic textiles that exert pressure on muscles. With a defined tensile strength, it is possible to create the required compression on the given body parts. This work aims to investigate the relationship between woven fabric deformation, porosity, and tensile stress properties of three main types of woven CBs. All bandage samples are applied on human leg using two- and three-layer bandaging techniques. Bandage porosity is calculated for all frames at different weave angles using NIS software. Woven bandage construction parameters which are given by the preparation of warp and weft yarns, twist, count, and density along with woven fabric weave, type of weaving, and finishing process are the main factors that influence the bandage properties. Several methods considering thread distributions have been developed to determine the woven fabric's porosity during the tensile stress. Experimental results confirm that bandage porosity is directly proportional to the bandage extension and weave angle that ranges from 44 degrees to 90 degrees. The novelty of candidate study is to introduce practical remarks to the patient for optimizing the required bandage pressure by suitable extension or applied tension or weave angle for two- and three-layer bandaging systems.
Bandage porosity, structure, weave angle, Laplace's law, PicoPress, medical