Impact of Flax and Basalt Fibre Reinforcement on Selected Properties of Geopolymer Composites

The submitted paper deals with the physical and mechanical properties of geopolymer composite materials reinforced with natural fibres. For this study, we aimed to develop a geopolymer composite reinforced with long flax fibres, which were implemented in the geopolymer in the form of a nonwoven fabric that reinforced the structure of the geopolymer over the entire thickness of the board. In order to compare the properties of the developed composite with natural fibres, a geopolymer without fibres and a geopolymer reinforced with basalt fibres were also produced. The monitored mechanical properties were impact bending, bending strength and compressive strength. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and microscopic analysis were also carried out. The results clearly showed the positive effect of the addition of natural fibres on impact bending and bending strength. However, the addition of natural fibres in the form of a nonwoven fabric significantly increased the variability of the properties of the developed composites. In addition, a different pattern of joint failure was noted between geopolymer reinforced with flax fibres and geopolymer reinforced with basalt fibres.
geopolymer, natural fibre, flax, basalt, reinforcement