Preparation and evaluation of thermo-regulating bamboo fabric treated by microencapsulated phase change materials

Two types of microencapsulated phase change materials (ENPCMs) were synthesized by polymerization. The core material of ENPCM was n-octadecane and the shell materials were polymethyl methacrylate-butyl acrylate and polymethyl methacrylate-butyl acrylate-hydroxyethyl methacrylate. Subsequently, the synthesized ENPCMs were applied onto bamboo fabric by the dip and dry method. The properties of ENPCMs were analyzed in terms of surface morphology, size distribution and latent heat; the treated bamboo fabrics were evaluated in terms of surface morphology, hydrophilicity, washing fastness and heat storage capacity. The results showed that polymethyl methacrylate-butyl acrylate/n-octadecane (PMBO) microcapsules had an irregular shape, while polymethyl methacrylate-butyl acrylate-hydroxyethyl methacrylate/n-octadecane (PMBHO) microcapsules were spherical, and the mean diameters of both microcapsules were less than 1 mu m. The latent heat of phase change material (PCM) microcapsules was almost the same at a thermal storage capacity of 110 J/g. There were many more and more even PMBHO microcapsules deposited on bamboo fabric than that of PMBO microcapsules deposited on bamboo fabric. Bamboo fabrics treated by both microcapsules were hydrophilic, and the hydrophilicity of fabric treated by PMBHO microcapsules was even better. The ratio of PCM microcapsules to bamboo fabric was about 1:4, and the latent heat of treated bamboo fabrics was about 20 J/g. Moreover, the treated bamboo fabrics exhibited excellent washing fastness due to the strong binding strength between the highly hydrophilic microcapsules and bamboo fibers. Approximately 72% of PCM microcapsules were retained on the fabric after 15 washing cycles.
hydrophilicity, heat storage, bamboo fabric, phase change microcapsule