Control of Jet Flow Angle in Continuous Casting Process using an Electromagnetic Brake
ELSEVIER, RADARWEG 29, 1043 NX AMSTERDAM, NETHERLANDS
The flow pattern in the mould of the continuous casting is an important factor in determining the quality of the steel slabs that are produced in the end of the process. Hence it can heavily influence manufacturing costs due to the scrap percentage. Electromagnetic actuators are frequently used in the continuous casting process to stabilize the flow in the mould and therefore produce higher quality of steel slabs. Usually they are used in open loop but their effect on the flow pattern may be much better directed if they are used as a part of closed loop control based on real time measurements. In this paper, a closed loop controller is proposed that adjusts the magnetic field of an electromagnetic brake using the real time measurement of the angle of the jet flowing from the Submerged Entry Nozzle (SEN). The angle is kept within a specific range by the controller in order to prevent a deeper jet impingement into the mould; this allows us to achieve the desirable double roll flow pattern, and to avoid the entrapment of slug. The controller is based on a model of the relationship between brake current and jet angle that was obtained using experimental data from a laboratory scale continuous casting plant.
Flow Control, Tomography, Process Automation, Model Predictive Control