Strategy and strategic management concepts: are they recognised by management students?

DSpace Repository

Show simple item record Ferreira, João J. Raposo, Mário L. Mainardes, Emerson Wagner
dc.contributor.other Ekonomická fakulta cs 2014-03-04 2014-03-04
dc.identifier.issn 12123609
dc.description.abstract The purpose of this paper is to assess the acquired knowledge of university management students on strategy and strategic management concepts. Phenomenography was used in the analysis and a collective description was conducted. A sample of students taking management degrees at five universities was adopted. Following data analysis, a model explaining our definition of students is presented. This definition was compared with the existing literature. Our findings do not indicate a single, predominant concept but reflect a diverse set of existing concepts. We conclude that students do present difficulties when it comes to explaining their theoretical definition in real situations applied to organizations. The results contribute towards a better understanding of the universities surveyed, but cannot be generalized. Thus, we recommend future studies replicate this research project at other Higher Education Institutions and confirm the factors making up the construction of the definition of strategy from the perspective of future managers. Given that topics relating to strategy and strategic management are highly relevant to organizations today, it is of similar great importance to identifying just what future managers perceive about these issues. Our model explains the definition of strategy in the vision of young managers about to enter the market. A balance between the current schools of thought on strategy and an approach to the reality of enterprises are presented as challenges for both teachers and researchers in this field. en
dc.format text
dc.format.extent 43-61 s. cs
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher Technická Univerzita v Liberci cs
dc.publisher Technical university of Liberec, Czech Republic en
dc.relation.ispartof Ekonomie a Management cs
dc.relation.ispartof Economics and Management en
dc.relation.isbasedon ACKOFF, R. Redesigning the future. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1974. ISBN 04-7100-296-8.
dc.relation.isbasedon AKERLIND, G. Principles and practice in phenomenographic research. In International Symposium on Current Issues in Phenomenography. Canberra/Australia, 2002. ISSN 0729-4260.
dc.relation.isbasedon AKERLIND, G. Variation and commonality in phenomenographic research methods. Higher Education Research & Development. 2005, Vol. 24, Iss. 4, pp. 321-334. ISSN 1469-8366.
dc.relation.isbasedon AKERLIND, G. A phenomenographic approach to developing academics’ understanding of the nature of teaching and learning. Teaching in Higher Education. 2008, Vol. 13, Iss. 6, pp. 633-644. ISSN 1470-1294.
dc.relation.isbasedon ANDRETTA, S. Phenomenography: a conceptual framework for information literacy education. Aslib Proceedings: New Information Perspectives. 2007, Vol. 59, Iss. 2, pp. 152-168. ISSN 0001-253X.
dc.relation.isbasedon ANDREWS, K. The concept of corporate strategy. In MINTZBERG, H. and J. QUINN (Eds.). The strategy process, concepts, contexts, cases. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1991. pp. 128-141. ISBN 01-3047-913-6.
dc.relation.isbasedon ANSOFF, H. Corporate strategy: An analytic approach to business policy for growth and expansion. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1965. ISBN 00-7002-111-2.
dc.relation.isbasedon ANSOFF, H. Strategic management. London: Macmillian, 1979. ISBN 04-7026-585-X.
dc.relation.isbasedon ANSOFF, H., MCDONNELL, E. Implanting strategic management. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1990. ISBN 01-3451-808-X.
dc.relation.isbasedon BARNARD, C. The function of the executive. Boston: Harvard University Press, 1938. ISBN 06-7432-800-0.
dc.relation.isbasedon BARNEY, J. Firm resource and sustained competitive advantage. Journal of Management. 1991, Vol. 17, Iss. 1, pp. 99-120. ISSN 0149-2063.
dc.relation.isbasedon BARNEY, J. Resource-based theories of competitive advantage: A ten years retrospective on the resource based view. Journal of Management. 2001, Vol. 27, Iss. 1, pp. 643-650. ISSN 0149-2063.
dc.relation.isbasedon BERGLUND, A. et al. Learning computer science: perceptions, actions and roles. European Journal of Engineering Education. 2009, Vol. 34, Iss. 4, pp. 327-338. ISSN 0304-3797.
dc.relation.isbasedon BHALLA, A., LAMPEL, J., HENDERSON, S. and WATKINS, D. Exploring alternative strategic management paradigms in high-growth ethnic and non-ethnic family firms. Small Business Economics. 2009, Vol. 32, Iss. 1, pp. 77-94. ISSN 1573-0913.
dc.relation.isbasedon BIERLY, P. and HÄMÄLÄINEN, T. Organizational learning and strategy. Scandinavian Journal of Management. 1995, Vol. 11, Iss. 3, pp. 123-141. ISSN 0956-5221.
dc.relation.isbasedon BOWMAN, E., SINGH, H. and THOMAS, H. The domain of strategic management: History and evolution, In PETTIGREW, A., THOMAS, H. and WHITTINGTON, R. (Eds.). Handbook of strategy and management. London: Sage, 2002. pp. 31-51. ISBN 07-6195-893-2.
dc.relation.isbasedon BOYD, B., FINKELSTEIN, S. and GOVE, S. How advanced is the strategy paradigm? The role of particularism and universalism in shaping research outcomes. Strategic Management Journal. 2005, Vol. 26, Iss. 1, pp. 841-854. ISSN 0143-2095.
dc.relation.isbasedon BRACKER, J. The historical development of the strategic management concept. Academy of Management Review. 1980, Vol. 5, Iss. 1, pp. 219-224. ISSN 0363-7425.
dc.relation.isbasedon BRADBEER, J., HEALEY, M. and KNEALE, P. Undergraduate geographers’ understandings of geography, learning and teaching: A phenomenographic study. Journal of Geography in Higher Education. 2004, Vol. 28, Iss. 1, pp. 17-34. ISSN 0309-8265.
dc.relation.isbasedon CANNON, J. Business strategy and policy. New York: Harcourt, Brace & World, 1968. ISBN 65-4317-252-0.
dc.relation.isbasedon CHANDLER, A. Strategy and structure: Chapters in the history of the American industrial enterprise. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1962. ISBN 15-8798-198-X.
dc.relation.isbasedon CHU, P. and TSE, O. The art of war and strategic management. Journal of Management Education. 1992, Vol. 16, Iss. 4, pp. 43-53. ISSN 1052-5629.
dc.relation.isbasedon DALL’ALBA, G. et al. Assessing understanding: A phenomenographic approach. Research in Science Education. 1989, Vol. 19, Iss. 1, pp. 57-66. ISSN 1573-1898.
dc.relation.isbasedon DENSCOMBE, M. The good research guide: For small-scale social research projects. 2nd ed. Philadelphia: McGraw-Hill, 2003. ISBN 03-3522-968-9.
dc.relation.isbasedon DESS, G., LUMPKIN, G. and EISNER, A. Strategic management. 3rd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2007. ISBN 00-7340-498-5.
dc.relation.isbasedon DRUCKER, P. The practice of management. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1954. ISBN 00-6091316-9.
dc.relation.isbasedon ERIKSSON, P. and LEHTIMÄKI, H. Strategy rhetoric in city management: How the presumptions of classic strategic management live on? Scandinavian Journal of Management. 2001, Vol. 17, Iss. 2, pp. 201-223. ISSN 0956-5221.
dc.relation.isbasedon FAHEY, L. The strategic planning management reader. Englewood Cliffs/New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1989. ISBN 01-3851-759-2.
dc.relation.isbasedon FAIRHOLM, M. and CARD, M. Perspectives of strategic thinking: From controlling chaos to embracing it. Journal of Management & Organization. 2009, Vol. 15, Iss. 1, pp. 17-30. ISSN 1833-3672.
dc.relation.isbasedon GHEMAWAT, P. Strategy and the business landscape: Core concepts. 2nd ed. Englewood Cliffs/New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 2005. ISBN 01-3028-976-0.
dc.relation.isbasedon GILLESPIE, T. and PARRY, R. Students as employees: Applying performance management principles in the management classroom. Journal of Management Education. 2009, Vol. 33, Iss. 5, pp. 553-576. ISSN 1052-5629.
dc.relation.isbasedon GLUECK, W. Business policy, strategy formation, and management action. 2nd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1976. ISBN 00-7023-514-7.
dc.relation.isbasedon GRANT, R. Corporate strategy: Managing scope and strategy content. In PETTIGREW, A., THOMAS, H. and WHITTINGTON, R. (Eds.). Handbook of strategy and management. London: Sage, 2002. pp. 72-97. ISBN 07-6195-893-2.
dc.relation.isbasedon HAIR, J., BABIN, B., MONEY, A. and SAMOUEL, P. Essentials of business research methods. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, 2003. ISBN 04-7127-136-5.
dc.relation.isbasedon HÄKANSSON, H. and SNEHOTA, I. No business is an island: The network concept of business strategy. Scandinavian Journal of Management. 2006, Vol. 22, Iss. 3, pp. 256-270. ISSN 0956-5221.
dc.relation.isbasedon HALLETT, F. The postgraduate student experience of study support: A phenomenographic analysis. Studies in Higher Education. 2010, Vol. 35, Iss. 2, pp. 225-238. ISSN 0307-5079.
dc.relation.isbasedon HAMBRICK, D. Operationalizing the concept of business-level strategy in research. Academy of Management Review. 1980, Vol. 5, Iss. 1, pp. 567-575. ISSN 0363-7425.
dc.relation.isbasedon HENDERSON, B. The origin of strategy. Harvard Business Review. 1989, Vol. 67, Iss. 1, pp. 139-143. ISSN 0017-8012.
dc.relation.isbasedon HENDERSON, B. The origin of strategy. In PORTER, M. and MONTGOMERY, C. (Eds.). Strategy: Seeking and securing competitive advantage. Boston: Harvard Business School Publishing Division, 1991. pp. 82-94. ISBN 08-7584-243-7.
dc.relation.isbasedon JONES, J. Application of decision support concepts to strategic management. Journal of Management Education. 1981, Vol. 6, Iss. 1, pp. 44-45. ISSN 1052-5629.
dc.relation.isbasedon KRAUS, S., KAURANEN, I. and RESCHKE, C. Identification of domains for a new conceptual model of strategic entrepreneurship using the configuration approach. Management Research Review. 2010, Vol. 34, Iss. 1, pp. 58-74. ISSN 2040-8269.
dc.relation.isbasedon KUVAAS, B. and KAUFMANN, G. Individual and organizational antecedents to strategic-issue interpretation. Scandinavian Journal of Management. 2004, Vol. 20, Iss. 3, pp. 245-275. ISSN 0956-5221.
dc.relation.isbasedon LEARNED, E., CHRISTENSEN, R., ANDREWS, K. and GUTH, W. Business policy: Text and cases. Homewood/Illinois: Irwin, 1969. ISBN 76-1459-813-0.
dc.relation.isbasedon MARTON, F. Phenomenography: Describing conceptions of the world around us. Instructional Science. 1981, Vol. 10, Iss. 1, pp. 177-200. ISSN 0020-4277.
dc.relation.isbasedon MCCARTHY, D., MINICHIELLO, R. and CURRAN, J. Business policy and strategy: Concepts and readings, Homewood/Illinois: Irwin, 1975. ISBN 02-5601-680-1.
dc.relation.isbasedon MCNICHOLS, T. Policy making and executive action. 5th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1977. ISBN 00-7045-688-7.
dc.relation.isbasedon MICHEL, K. Design of an intrafirm management development programme for strategic managers. In ANSOFF, H., DECLERCK, R. and HAYES, R. (Eds.). From strategic planning to strategic management. London: John Wiley & Sons, 1976. pp. 152-171. ISBN 04-7103-223-9.
dc.relation.isbasedon MILLER, D. and DESS, G. Strategic management. 2nd ed. New York: McGraw Hill, 1996. ISBN 00-7042-791-7.
dc.relation.isbasedon MINTZBERG, H. The science of strategy-making. Industrial Management Review. 1967, Vol. 8, Iss. 2, pp. 71-81. ISSN 0263-5577.
dc.relation.isbasedon MINTZBERG, H. The structuring of organizations. Englewood Cliffs/New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1979. ISBN 01-3855-270-3.
dc.relation.isbasedon MINTZBERG, H. The strategy concept I: Five P’s for strategy. California Management Review. 1987, Vol. 30, No. 1, pp. 11-24. ISSN 0008-1256.
dc.relation.isbasedon MINTZBERG, H. and MCHUGH, A. Strategy formation in an adhocracy. Administrative Science Quarterly. 1985, Vol. 30, Iss. 1, pp. 160-197. ISSN 0001-8392.
dc.relation.isbasedon MINTZBERG, H. and QUINN, J. The strategy process: Concepts, contexts and cases. 2nd ed. Englewood Cliffs/New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1991. ISBN 01-3851-916-1.
dc.relation.isbasedon MINTZBERG, H., AHLSTRAND, B. and LAMPEL, J. Strategy safari: A guided tour through the wilds of strategic management. New York: Free Press, 1998. ISBN 06-8484-743-4.
dc.relation.isbasedon MOORE, M. Managing for value: Organizational strategy in for-profit, nonprofit, and governamental organizations. Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly. 2000, Vol. 29, Iss. 1, pp. 183-204. ISSN 0899-7640.
dc.relation.isbasedon MORRIS, R. and JOHNSON, B. Computerization in the strategic management course: Current status and future directions. Journal of Management Education. 1992, Vol. 16, Iss. 4, pp. 461-478. ISSN 1052-5629.
dc.relation.isbasedon MUHR, T. Atlas/ti, release 1. In WEITZMAN, E. and MILES, M. (Eds.). Computer programs for qualitative data analysis. Thousand Oaks/California: Sage, 1995. pp. 217-229. ISBN 08-0395-536-7.
dc.relation.isbasedon NADLER, D. and TUSHMAN, M. Designing organizations that good fit: A framework for understanding new architectures. In NADLER, D., GERSTEIN, M. and SHAW, R. (Eds.). Organizational architecture: Designs for changing organizations. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1992. pp. 45-62. ISBN 15-5542-443-0.
dc.relation.isbasedon NEWMAN, W. and LOGAN, J. Strategy, policy and central management. Cincinatti: South-Western Publishing, 1971. ISBN 00-2072-409-0.
dc.relation.isbasedon OBEMBE, D. Understanding individual action: when employees contravene management directives to foster knowledge sharing. Management Research Review. 2010, Vol. 33, Iss. 6, pp. 656-666. ISSN 2040-8269.
dc.relation.isbasedon PAINE, F. and NAUMES, W. Strategy and policy formation: An integrative approach. Philadelphia: Saunders. ISBN 47-2938-411-0.
dc.relation.isbasedon PARAYITAM, S. The effect of competence-based trust between physicians and administrative executives in healthcare on decision outcomes. Management Research Review. 2010, Vol. 33, Iss. 2, pp. 174-191. ISSN 2040-8269.
dc.relation.isbasedon PARTINGTON, D., YOUNG, M. and PELLEGRINELLI, S. Understanding program management competence: A phenomenographic study. In Academy of Management Annual Meeting. Anaheim (CA). 2003. ISSN 1543-8643.
dc.relation.isbasedon PORTELA, M. et al. Evaluating student allocation in the Portuguese public higher education system. Higher Education. 2008, Vol. 56, Iss. 1, pp. 185-203. ISSN 0018-1560.
dc.relation.isbasedon PORTER, M. Competitive strategy: Techniques for analyzing industries and competitors. New York: Free Press, 1980. ISBN 00-2925-360-8.
dc.relation.isbasedon PORTER, M. Competitive advantage: Creating and sustaining competitive performance. New York: Free Press, 1985. ISBN 00-2925-0900-0.
dc.relation.isbasedon PORTER, M. What is strategy? Harvard Business Review. 1996, Vol. 74, Iss. 6, pp. 61-78. ISSN 0017-8012.
dc.relation.isbasedon PORTH, S. Strategic management: A cross-functional approach. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 2002. ISBN 01-3042-213-4.
dc.relation.isbasedon RUMELT, R., SCHENDEL, D. and TEECE, D. Fundamental issues in strategy. In RUMELT, R., SCHENDEL, D. and TEECE, D. (Eds.). Fundamental issues in strategy: A research agenda. Boston: Harvard Business School Press, 1994. pp. 9-47. ISBN 08-7584-343-3.
dc.relation.isbasedon SANDBERGH, J. Are phenomenographic results reliable? Higher Education Research & Development. 1997, Vol. 16, Iss. 2, pp. 203-212. ISSN 0729-4360.
dc.relation.isbasedon SCHENDEL, D. and HATTEN, K. Business policy or strategic management. In MITCHELL, V., BARTH, R. and MITCHELL, F. (Eds.). Academy of Management Proceedings. Boston: Little Brown, 1972. pp. 56-72. ISSN 0896-7911.
dc.relation.isbasedon SCHENDEL, D. and HOFER, C. Strategic management. Boston: Little Brown, 1979. ISBN 03-1677-312-3.
dc.relation.isbasedon SCHNAARS, S. Marketing strategy: A customer-driven approach. New York: Free Press, 1991. ISBN 002927-953-4.
dc.relation.isbasedon SCHNEIDER, M. and LIEB, P. The challenges of teaching strategic management: Working toward successful inclusion of the resource-based view. Journal of Management Education. 2004, Vol. 28, Iss. 2, pp. 170-187. ISSN 1052-5629.
dc.relation.isbasedon SHANAHAN, P. and GERBER, R. Quality in university student administration: Stakeholder conceptions. Quality Assurance in Education. 2004, Vol. 12, Iss. 4, pp. 166-174. ISSN 0968-4883.
dc.relation.isbasedon STEAD, J. and STEAD, W. Sustainable strategic management: An evolutionary perspective. International Journal of Sustainable Strategic Management. 2008, Vol. 1, Iss. 1, pp. 62-81. ISSN: 1753-3619.
dc.relation.isbasedon STEEN, J. Actor-network theory and the dilemma of the resource concept in strategic management. Scandinavian Journal of Management. 2010, Vol. 26, Iss. 3, pp. 324-331. ISSN 0956-5221.
dc.relation.isbasedon STEINER, G. and MINER, J. Management policy and strategy: Text, readings and cases. New York: Macmillan, 1977. ISBN 00-2416-750-9.
dc.relation.isbasedon STEINTHORSSON, R. and SÖDERHOLM, A. Strategic management as multi-contextual sensemaking in intermediate organizations. Scandinavian Journal of Management. 2002, Vol. 18, Iss. 2, pp. 233-248. ISSN 0956-5221.
dc.relation.isbasedon SVENSSON, L. Theoretical foundations of phenomenography. Higher Education Research & Development. 1997, Vol. 16, Iss. 2, pp. 159-171. ISSN 1469-8366.
dc.relation.isbasedon THOMPSON, A.A. and STRICKLAND A.J. Strategic management: Concepts and cases. 8th ed. Homewood/Illinois: Irwin, 1995. ISBN 00-7231-499-0.
dc.relation.isbasedon TRIGWELL, K. Phenomenography: An approach to research into geography education. Journal of Geography in Higher Education. 2006, Vol. 30, Iss. 2, pp. 367-372. ISSN 0309-8265.
dc.relation.isbasedon TSENG, S. The effects of hierarchical culture on knowledge management processes. Management Research Review. 2010, Vol. 33, Iss. 8, pp. 827-839. ISSN 2040-8269.
dc.relation.isbasedon UYTERHOEVEN, H., ACKERMAN, R. and ROSENBLUM, J. Strategy and organization: Text and cases in general management. Homewood/Illinois: Irwin, 1973. ISBN 02-5601-923-1.
dc.relation.isbasedon VON NEUMANN, J. and MORGENSTERN, O. Theory of games and economic behaviour. 2nd ed. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1947. ISBN 06-9100-362-9.
dc.relation.isbasedon WHITTINGTON, R. What is strategy: And does it matter? New York: Routledge, 1993. ISBN 04-1507-385-5.
dc.relation.isbasedon WRIGHT, P., KROLL, M. and PARNELL, J. Strategic management: Concepts. 4th ed. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1997. ISBN 01-3681-750-5.
dc.relation.isbasedon WRIGHT, A., MURRAY, J. and GEALE, P. A phenomenographic study of what it means to supervise doctoral students. Academy of Management Learning & Education. 2007, Vol. 6, Iss. 4, pp. 458-474. ISSN 1537-260X.
dc.rights CC BY-NC
dc.subject E-learning en
dc.subject Corporate education en
dc.subject Experiment en
dc.subject.classification A23
dc.subject.classification L10
dc.subject.classification M00
dc.subject.classification M10
dc.title Strategy and strategic management concepts: are they recognised by management students? en
dc.type Article en 2014-03-04
dc.publisher.abbreviation TUL
dc.relation.isrefereed true
dc.identifier.doi 10.15240/tul/001/2014-1-004
dc.identifier.eissn 2336-5604
local.relation.volume 17
local.relation.issue 1
local.relation.abbreviation E&M en
local.relation.abbreviation E+M cs
local.faculty Faculty of Economics
local.citation.spage 43
local.citation.epage 61
local.access open
local.fulltext yes

Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Search DSpace

Advanced Search


My Account