Identifying key success factors for international joint ventures in China: a foreign parent perspective from finnish firms

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dc.contributor.author Zheng, Xiaosong
dc.contributor.author Larimo, Jorma
dc.contributor.other Ekonomická fakulta cs
dc.date.accessioned 2014-06-05
dc.date.available 2014-06-05
dc.identifier.issn 12123609
dc.identifier.uri https://dspace.tul.cz/handle/15240/7062
dc.description.abstract International Joint Venture (IJV) has been one of the main foreign market entry approaches in the last decade and this is particularly true for entry to the huge Chinese market. Although IJVs have been a very commonly used entry form many studies have indicated that the IJVs have not reached the goals set for them or they have clearly failed. Recently there has been also a growing interest to examine the performance and determinants of successful IJVs in China from major developed countries. The studies have so far mainly focused on IJVs where the foreign partners are either from Asian countries or from big western economies like from the USA whereas research focused on IJVs established by firms from small developed European economies like from various Nordic countries has been extremely limited. This paper tries to shed some light on this gap by analyzing the performance and key success factors of Finnish-Chinese IJVs from a Finnish parent perspective. In the paper a conceptual model to examine key IJV performance determinants is first built up and then we apply this model in the analysis of a few Finnish-Chinese IJVs. The results of the study show that IJV performance depends on the measure of the performance. Focusing on management evaluation of performance the FDI experience and timing of entry are found to be the key success factors at IJV formation stage while partner commitment is the key success factor at IJV operation stage. At the end of the paper, conclusions are made and limitations are discussed together with an outline of future research directions. en
dc.format text
dc.format.extent 106-119 s. cs
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher Technická Univerzita v Liberci cs
dc.publisher Technical university of Liberec, Czech Republic en
dc.relation.ispartof Ekonomie a Management cs
dc.relation.ispartof Economics and Management en
dc.relation.isbasedon ZICH, R. Success-ability based conception and its view of strategy. E+M Ekonomie a Management. 2010, Vol. 13, Iss. 1, pp. 60-75. ISSN 1212-3609.
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dc.relation.isbasedon UNCTAD (United Nations Conference on Trade and Development). Prospects for FDI flows, transnational corporation strategies and promotion policies: 2004–2007 [online]. Geneva: UNCTAD, 2004 [cit. 2012-08-05]. Available from: http://unctad.org/en/Docs/ tdxibpd8_en.pdf.
dc.relation.isbasedon STEENSMA, H.K., LYLES, M.A. Explaining IJV survival in a transitional economy through social exchange and knowledge-based perspectives. Strategic Management Journal. 2000, Vol. 21, Iss. 8, pp. 831-851. ISSN 1097-0266.
dc.relation.isbasedon ROBSON, M.J., LEONIDOU, L.C., KATSIKEAS, C.S. Factors influencing international joint venture performance: theoretical perspectives, assessment, and future directions. Management International Review. 2002, Vol. 42, pp. 385-418. ISSN 0938-8249.
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dc.relation.isbasedon LUO, Y. Procedural fairness and interfirm cooperation in strategic alliances. Strategic Management Journal. 2008, Vol. 29, Iss. 1, pp.27-46. ISSN 1097-0266.
dc.relation.isbasedon LUO, Y., SHENKAR, O., NYAW, M.K. A dual-parent perspective on control and performance in international joint ventures: Lessons from a developing economy. Journal of International Business Studies. 2001, Vol. 32, Iss. 1, pp. 41-58. ISSN 0047-2506.
dc.relation.isbasedon LUO, Y. Timing of investment and international expansion performance in China. Journal of International Business Studies. 1997, Vol. 29, Iss. 2, pp. 391-407. ISSN 0047-2506.
dc.relation.isbasedon LU, L.T., SHIANG, J. Conflict resolution strategy between foreign and local partners in joint ventures in China. Journal of American Academy of Business. 2006, Vol. 8, Iss. 1, pp. 236-240. ISSN 1540-1200.
dc.relation.isbasedon LU, L.T., LEE, Y.H. The effect of culture on the management style and performance of international joint ventures in China: the perspective of foreign parent firms. International Journal of Management. 2005, Vol. 22, Iss. 3, pp. 452-467. ISSN 0813-0183.
dc.relation.isbasedon LIN, X., GERMAIN, R. Predicting international joint venture interaction frequency in U.S.-Chinese ventures. Journal of International Marketing. 1999, Vol. 7, Iss. 2, pp. 5-23. ISSN 1069-031X.
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dc.relation.isbasedon YIN, R.K. Case study research: design and methods. 3rd ed. Thousand Oaks (CA): SAGE Publications, 2002. ISBN 0761925538.
dc.relation.isbasedon YAN, A., ZENG, M. International joint venture instability: A critique of previous research, a reconceptulization, and directions for future research. Journal of International Business Studies. 1999, Vol. 30, Iss. 2, pp. 397-414. ISSN 0047-2506.
dc.relation.isbasedon YAN, A., GRAY, B. Bargaining power, management control, and performance in United States-China joint ventures: A comparative case study. Academy of Management Journal. 1994, Vol. 37, Iss. 6, pp. 1478-1517. ISSN 0001-4273.
dc.relation.isbasedon U.S.-China Business Council. Foreign Investment in China, Forecast [online]. 2008 [cit. 2012-01-12]. Available from: http://www.uschina.org/info/forecast/2008/foreign-investment.htm.
dc.relation.isbasedon UNCTAD (United Nations Conference on Trade and Development). Prospects for FDI flows, transnational corporation strategies and promotion policies: 2004–2007 [online]. Geneva: UNCTAD, 2004 [cit. 2012-08-05]. Available from: http://unctad.org/en/Docs/ tdxibpd8_en.pdf.
dc.relation.isbasedon STEENSMA, H.K., LYLES, M.A. Explaining IJV survival in a transitional economy through social exchange and knowledge-based perspectives. Strategic Management Journal. 2000, Vol. 21, Iss. 8, pp. 831-851. ISSN 1097-0266.
dc.relation.isbasedon ROBSON, M.J., LEONIDOU, L.C., KATSIKEAS, C.S. Factors influencing international joint venture performance: theoretical perspectives, assessment, and future directions. Management International Review. 2002, Vol. 42, pp. 385-418. ISSN 0938-8249.
dc.relation.isbasedon REUER, J.J., MILLER, K.D. Agency costs and the performance implications of international joint venture internalization. Strategic Management Journal. 1997, Vol. 18, Iss. 6, pp. 425-438. ISSN 1097-0266.
dc.relation.isbasedon REN, H., GRAY, B., KIM, K. Performance of international joint ventures: what factors really make a different and how? Journal of Management. 2009, Vol. 35, Iss. 3, pp. 805-832. ISSN 0149-2063.
dc.relation.isbasedon REISSOVA, A. Personnel Evaluation as a controlling tool of the management of the work efficiency. E+M Ekonomie a Management. 2010, Vol. 13, Iss. 1, pp. 91-102. ISSN 1212-3609.
dc.relation.isbasedon RAMANATHAN, K., SETH, A., THOMAS, H. Explaining joint ventures: alternative theoretical perspectives. In BEAMISH, P.W., KILLING, J.P. (Eds.). Cooperative strategies: North American perspectives. San Francisco: New Lexington Press, 1997. ISBN 0-7879-0813-4.
dc.relation.isbasedon PARK, S.H., UNGASON, G.R. Interfirm rivalry and managerial complexity: a conceptual framework of alliance failure. Organisation Science. 2001, Vol. 12, Iss. 1, pp. 37-53. ISSN 1047-7039.
dc.relation.isbasedon PARK, S.H., UNGASON, G.R. The effect of national culture, organizational complementarity, and economic motivation on joint venture dissolution. Academy of Management Journal. 1997, Vol. 40, pp. 279-307. ISSN 0001-4273.
dc.relation.isbasedon OSLAND, E.G., CAVUSGIL, S.T. Performance issues in US-China joint ventures. California Management Review. 1996, Vol. 38, Iss. 2, pp. 106-130. ISSN 0008-1256.
dc.relation.isbasedon NIPPA, M., BEECHLER, S., KLOSSEK, A. Success factors for managing international joint ventures: a review and an integrative framework. Management and Organization Review. 2007, Vol. 3, Iss. 2, pp. 277-310. ISSN 1740-8784.
dc.relation.isbasedon MJOEN, H., TALLMAN, S. Control and performance in international joint ventures. Organization Science. 1997, Vol. 8, Iss. 3, pp. 257-274. ISSN 1047-7039.
dc.relation.isbasedon MATHEWS, J.A. Competitive advantages of the latecomer firm: A resource-based account of industrial catch-up strategies. Asia Pacific Journal of Management. 2002, Vol. 19, pp. 467-488. ISSN 0217-4561.
dc.relation.isbasedon MADHOK, A. Revisiting multinational firms’ tolerance for joint ventures: a trust-based approach. Journal of International Business Studies. 2006, Vol. 37, pp. 30-43. ISSN 0047-2506.
dc.relation.isbasedon MADHOK, A. Revisiting multinational firms’ tolerance for joint ventures: a trust-based approach. Journal of International Business Studies. 1995, Vol. 26, Iss. 1, pp. 117-137. ISSN 0047-2506.
dc.relation.isbasedon LYLES, M.A., SALK, J.E. Knowledge acquisition from foreign parents in international joint ventures: An empirical examination in the Hungarian context. Journal of International Business Studies. 1996, Vol. 29, Iss. 2, pp. 154-174. ISSN 0047-2506.
dc.relation.isbasedon LUO, Y. Procedural fairness and interfirm cooperation in strategic alliances. Strategic Management Journal. 2008, Vol. 29, Iss. 1, pp.27-46. ISSN 1097-0266.
dc.relation.isbasedon LUO, Y., SHENKAR, O., NYAW, M.K. A dual-parent perspective on control and performance in international joint ventures: Lessons from a developing economy. Journal of International Business Studies. 2001, Vol. 32, Iss. 1, pp. 41-58. ISSN 0047-2506.
dc.relation.isbasedon LUO, Y. Timing of investment and international expansion performance in China. Journal of International Business Studies. 1997, Vol. 29, Iss. 2, pp. 391-407. ISSN 0047-2506.
dc.relation.isbasedon LU, L.T., SHIANG, J. Conflict resolution strategy between foreign and local partners in joint ventures in China. Journal of American Academy of Business. 2006, Vol. 8, Iss. 1, pp. 236-240. ISSN 1540-1200.
dc.relation.isbasedon LU, L.T., LEE, Y.H. The effect of culture on the management style and performance of international joint ventures in China: the perspective of foreign parent firms. International Journal of Management. 2005, Vol. 22, Iss. 3, pp. 452-467. ISSN 0813-0183.
dc.relation.isbasedon LIN, X., GERMAIN, R. Predicting international joint venture interaction frequency in U.S.-Chinese ventures. Journal of International Marketing. 1999, Vol. 7, Iss. 2, pp. 5-23. ISSN 1069-031X.
dc.relation.isbasedon LI, J., ZHOU, C. Dual-edged tools of trade: How international joint ventures help and hinder capability building of Chinese firms. Journal of World Business. 2008, Vol. 43, Iss. 4, pp. 463-474. ISSN 1090-9516.
dc.relation.isbasedon LI, J., LAM, K., QIAN, G. Does culture affect behaviour and performance of firms? The case of joint ventures in China. Journal of International Business Studies. 2001, Vol. 32, Iss. 1, pp. 115-131. ISSN 0047-2506.
dc.relation.isbasedon LI, M., ZHANG, Y., JING, R. Does ownership and culture matter to joint venture success? International Management Review. 2008, Vol. 4, Iss. 1, pp. 88-101. ISSN 1551-6849.
dc.relation.isbasedon LEE, C., BEAMISH, P.W. The characteristics and performance of Korean joint ventures in LDCs. Journal of International Business Studies. 1995, Vol. 26, Iss. 3, pp. 637-654. ISSN 0047-2506.
dc.relation.isbasedon LARIMO, J. International joint venture performance: Impact of performance measures and foreign parent, target country and investment specific variables on performance. In CLIQUET, G., HENDRIKS, G, TUUNANEN, M., WINDSPERGER, J. (Eds.). Economics and Management of Networks: Franchising, Strategic Alliances and Co-operatives. Springer Verlag, 2007. pp. 393-418. ISBN 3790817570.
dc.relation.isbasedon LANE, P.J., SALK J.E., LYLES, M.A. Absorptive capacity, learning, and performance in international joint ventures. Strategic Management Journal. 2001, Vol. 22, Iss. 12, pp. 1139-1161. ISSN 1097-0266.
dc.relation.isbasedon KUMAR, S., SETH, A. The design of coordination and control mechanisms for managing joint venture-parent relations. Strategic Management Journal. 1998, Vol. 19, Iss. 6, pp. 579-599. ISSN 1097-0266.
dc.relation.isbasedon KOGUT, B. Joint ventures: Theoretical and empirical perspectives. Strategic Management Journal. 1998, Vol. 9, Iss. 4, pp. 319-332. ISSN 1097-0266.
dc.relation.isbasedon JANECEK, V., HYNEK, J. Incentive system as a factor of firmsefficiency improvement. E+M Ekonomie a Management. 2010, Vol. 13, Iss. 1, pp. 76-90. ISSN 1212-3609.
dc.relation.isbasedon INKPEN, A.C., CURRALL, S.C. The coevolution of trust, control, and learning in joint ventures. Organization Science. 2004, Vol. 15, Iss. 5, pp. 586-599. ISSN 1047-7039.
dc.relation.isbasedon INKPEN, A.C., DINUR, A. Knowledge management processes and international joint ventures. Organization Science. 1998, Vol. 9, Iss. 4, pp. 454-468. ISSN 1047-7039.
dc.relation.isbasedon INKPEN, A.C., CURRALL, S.C. International joint venture trust. In BEAMISH, P.W., KILLING, J.P. (Eds.). Cooperative strategies: North American perspectives. San Francisco: New Lexington Press, 1997. ISBN 0-7879-0813-4.
dc.relation.isbasedon INKPEN, A.C., CROSSNAN, M.M. Believing in seeing: joint ventures and organizational learning. Journal of Management Studies. 1995, Vol. 32, Iss. 5, pp. 595-618. ISSN 1467-6486.
dc.relation.isbasedon HOFSTEDE, G. Cultures consequences: Comparing values, behaviours, institutions, and organizations across nations. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications, 2001. ISBN 0803973241.
dc.relation.isbasedon HOFSTEDE, G., BOND, M.H. The Confucius connections: From cultural roots to economic growth. Organization Dynamics. 1988, Vol. 16, Iss. 4, pp. 4-21. ISSN 0090-2616.
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dc.rights CC BY-NC
dc.subject non-government organizations en
dc.subject non-profit organizations en
dc.subject self-financing en
dc.subject non-distribution constraint en
dc.subject.classification M16
dc.subject.classification M31
dc.title Identifying key success factors for international joint ventures in China: a foreign parent perspective from finnish firms en
dc.type Article en
dc.date.defense 2014-06-11
dc.publisher.abbreviation TUL
dc.relation.isrefereed true
dc.identifier.doi 10.15240/tul/001/2014-2-008
dc.identifier.eissn 2336-5604
local.relation.volume 17
local.relation.issue 2
local.relation.abbreviation E&M en
local.relation.abbreviation E+M cs
local.faculty Faculty of Economics
local.citation.spage 106
local.citation.epage 119
local.access open
local.fulltext yes


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