Inquiry into high school students’ utility function

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dc.contributor.author Janáček, Julius
dc.contributor.author Šťastný, Dan
dc.contributor.other Ekonomická fakulta cs
dc.date.accessioned 2018-09-10
dc.date.accessioned 2018-09-13T08:33:32Z
dc.date.available 2018-09-13T08:33:32Z
dc.identifier.issn 1212-3609
dc.identifier.uri https://dspace.tul.cz/handle/15240/26629
dc.description.abstract This study uses data from our life-satisfaction survey of 1,414 students in 11 high schools in Northern parts of Czech Republic in the spring 2017 to discover certain parts of high school students’’ utility function. This is potentially useful for audiences ranging from macro-level policy-makers to teachers to parents to the students themselves in improving the design of policies and practices that either address life-satisfaction directly or affect it indirectly by pursuing other objectives. We use ordered logit and OLS regression models in various specifications to explore how different factors of students’ life from various domains (e.g. housing, economic, lifestyle, personal) associate with their self-assessed degree (0-10 scale) of life satisfaction or happiness. The effects of independent variables were investigated both separately within their own domain, and in all-inclusive models while always controlling for gender, age and specific effects of particular schools. The results confirm quite robustly several well-established and expected effects, namely the positive effects of one’s relations to parents and friends, or one’s health conditions, and negative effects of smoking tobacco or being discriminated. The findings also reveal some relatively unestablished facts such as a large positive effect of being needed, or the negative effect of commuting time. The outright surprising results include the irrelevance of alcohol consumption (contrary to expected negative effects and in contrast to identified negative effects of tobacco consumption) or of the absolute amount of money available (contrary to expected positive effects); the positive effect of cannabis use and of being a vegan; or the partially negative effect of engaging in arts or creative activities. While the above results are not all easily turned into recommendations for students, their parents, school administrators or policy makers on how to secure a happy life of teenagers, there are a few that may go beyond the obvious: avoid smoking, consider commuting time seriously, encourage and nurture good relations. Caveats regarding external validity apply. en
dc.format text
dc.format.extent 17 stran cs
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher Technická Univerzita v Liberci cs
dc.publisher Technical university of Liberec, Czech Republic en
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dc.relation.ispartof Economics and Management en
dc.rights CC BY-NC
dc.subject utility en
dc.subject happiness en
dc.subject life satisfaction en
dc.subject students en
dc.subject high school en
dc.subject health en
dc.subject relationship en
dc.subject commuting en
dc.subject substance use en
dc.subject.classification I31
dc.title Inquiry into high school students’ utility function en
dc.type Article en
dc.publisher.abbreviation TUL
dc.relation.isrefereed true
dc.identifier.doi 10.15240/tul/001/2018-3-004
dc.identifier.eissn 2336-5604
local.relation.volume 21
local.relation.issue 3
local.relation.abbreviation E+M cs
local.relation.abbreviation E&M en
local.faculty Faculty of Economics
local.citation.spage 58
local.citation.epage 74
local.access open
local.fulltext yes
local.filename EM_3_2018_04


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