Thermal properties and non-isothermal crystallization kinetics of biocomposites based on poly(lactic acid), rice husks and cellulose fibres

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Show simple item record Běhálek, Luboš Borůvka, Martin Brdlík, Pavel Habr, Jiří Lenfeld, Petr Kroisová, Dora Veselka, Filip Novák, Jan 2020-07-01T06:28:07Z 2020-07-01T06:28:07Z 2020-06
dc.description.abstract Bioplastics reinforced by agricultural waste fibres show promise to provide degradation back into the environment when they are no longer needed. These biocomposites have the potential to replace synthetic polymers from non-renewable resources in some applications and may turn out to be one of the material revolutions of this century. Unlike synthetic composites, biocomposites are renewable, carbon neutral, biodegradable and non-petroleum based and have low environmental, human health and safety risks. In this paper, poly(lactic acid) (PLA)-based biocomposites filled with technical cellulose fibres (CeF) and rice husks (RHs) at 10-30 mass% loading were prepared by twin-screw extrusion and injection moulding to enhance stiffness of resulting biocomposites. Particular attention was given to the enhancement of adhesion between the polymer matrix and natural filler through the physical modification by ozone (O-3) and dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) plasma (p) surface treatments. Further than, compatibilizing agent based on PLA-g-MAH was produced and introduced into the PLA systems. The non-isothermal crystallization behaviour and thermal properties were investigated through differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) under various cooling rates (5, 10, 20 and 40 degrees C min(-1)). The addition of both fillers increased overall crystallization kinetics of resulted biocomposites, especially at high cooling rates. An increase in crystallinity degree from 2.4 (neat PLA) up to 51% has been observed for PLA/30CeF(O3)samples at 40 degrees C min(-1)cooling rate. An increase in crystallinity degree based on mass percentage of filler was noticed especially for PLA/RH. Mass percentage increase in CeF did not notice significant increase in PLA crystallinity. The influence of RH and CeF on transformation behaviours of PLA alpha MODIFIER LETTER PRIME-/alpha-polymorphs was observed. The elimination of imperfect alpha MODIFIER LETTER PRIME-crystals was observed with increasing amount of RH and CeF. cs
dc.format.extent 21 stran cs
dc.language.iso cs cs
dc.subject Biocomposites cs
dc.subject Poly(lactic acid) cs
dc.subject Cellulose cs
dc.subject Rice husks cs
dc.subject Surface treatment cs
dc.title Thermal properties and non-isothermal crystallization kinetics of biocomposites based on poly(lactic acid), rice husks and cellulose fibres cs
dc.identifier.doi 10.1007/s10973-020-09894-3
dc.identifier.orcid 0000-0002-8749-3586 Běhálek, Luboš
dc.identifier.orcid 0000-0001-6686-6462 Borůvka, Martin
dc.identifier.orcid 0000-0003-1160-9885 Brdlík, Pavel
dc.identifier.orcid 0000-0002-0590-4143 Lenfeld, Petr

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