Food prices, taxes, and obesity in Canada and its implications for food taxation

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dc.contributor.author Clark, Stephen J.
dc.contributor.author Dittrich, Ludwig O.
dc.contributor.author Law, Stephen M.
dc.contributor.author Stará, Dana
dc.contributor.author Barták, Miroslav
dc.contributor.other Ekonomická fakulta cs
dc.date.accessioned 2019-03-15
dc.date.available 2019-03-15
dc.date.issued 2019-03-15
dc.identifier.issn 1212-3609
dc.identifier.uri https://dspace.tul.cz/handle/15240/151419
dc.description.abstract An important health financing issue facing Canada and other OECD countries are the health consequences of obesity. Food group prices can be used to estimate the model if one is interested in a reduced form model of the determinants of obesity and nutrient prices should be used if one is interested in estimating a structural model of obesity that is more amenable to interpretation for policy purposes. The goal of the study is to introduce new nutrient price model and shows its superiority of food group model based on Canadian data Using available data from the Canadian Community Health Survey, food group prices, and constructed nutrient indexes, we confirm the superior performance of variations in nutrient prices compared to variations in food group prices to explain variations in the body mass index (BMI) of Canadians. Results for nutrients indicate that taxing fat and carbohydrates and subsidizing protein would reduce BMI. The implicit tax on fat from dairy supply management is one of the only nutrient-targeted taxes in Canada. In the alternate model, few food group price coefficients are statistically significant. We find that a tax on away-from-home food would reduce the BMI of Canadians. Currently, expenditure on restaurant meals is taxed at the federal level and at the provincial level in all provinces except Alberta and Saskatchewan. The proposed model may be also used for future discussion of the food taxation in other countries where food taxation is not used and the special taxation of restaurant food is not introduced. en
dc.format text
dc.format.extent 14 stran cs
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher Technická Univerzita v Liberci cs
dc.publisher Technical university of Liberec, Czech Republic en
dc.relation.ispartof Ekonomie a Management cs
dc.relation.ispartof Economics and Management en
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dc.rights CC BY-NC
dc.subject goods and services tax en
dc.subject sales tax en
dc.subject supply management en
dc.subject BMI en
dc.subject obesity en
dc.subject nutrient prices en
dc.subject.classification H21
dc.subject.classification I12
dc.subject.classification I18
dc.title Food prices, taxes, and obesity in Canada and its implications for food taxation en
dc.type Article en
dc.publisher.abbreviation TUL
dc.relation.isrefereed true
dc.identifier.doi 10.15240/tul/001/2019-1-002
dc.identifier.eissn 2336-5604
local.relation.volume 22
local.relation.issue 1
local.relation.abbreviation E+M cs
local.relation.abbreviation E&M en
local.faculty Faculty of Economics
local.citation.spage 22
local.citation.epage 35
local.access open
local.fulltext yes
local.filename EM_1_2019_02
dc.identifier.orcid 0000-0002-8792-6521 Dittrich, Ludwig O.
dc.identifier.orcid 0000-0002-7265-6514 Barták, Miroslav


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